U.S. Fails to Enforce “Phase 1” China Trade Deal

August 27, 2020

https://www.fidelity.com/news/article/top-news/202008242045RTRSNEWSCOMBINED_KBN25L023-OUSBS_1

As reported in the above-linked article, with six months of results from the “Phase 1” trade deal with China now in, the U.S. has “rolled over” for China yet again, ignoring the Chinese snub of the deal.  The picture that accompanies the article, showing the flag of Red China flying above that of the U.S., is appropriate.  Red China dominates the U.S. in trade because it dominates the U.S. in terms of its willingness to stand up for itself.

In spite of the fact that China has not made one inch of progress toward meeting the goals of the deal – in fact, it’s not even measuring up to the 2017 baseline for purchasing American goods – the U.S. Trade Representative’s office had this to say following a phone discussion with Chinese trade leaders:

“Both sides see progress and are committed to taking the steps necessary to ensure the success of the agreement,”

Red China has won again.  It’s tactic of making trade deals and then completely ignoring them, knowing that the U.S. never follows through on anything, has worked again, just as it has for decades.  The Chinese are once again rolling in the aisles with laughter.

Is Trump on board with this?  Is this a move calculated to avoid roiling the markets just ahead of the election?  Is he saving a tough response, like imposing the new tariffs that this deal delayed, until just ahead of the election, calculating that it will win him votes before anyone even takes notice of a market decline?

I don’t know, but I do know that the lack of progress in cutting the trade deficit and bringing back American manufacturing jobs is a major reason behind the decline in enthusiasm for his re-election.  Revitalizing the manufacturing sector of the economy is the key ingredient needed to “Make America Great Again” and it’s difficult to see any progress at all on that front.


Verdict is in: “Phase 1” Trade Deal with China is a total failure.

August 6, 2020

Trade data for the month of June was released by the Department of Commerce yesterday, so we now have a full six months of results of the “Phase 1” trade deal with China.  As I predicted when the deal was signed in January, the deal is a total failure.

You may have heard stories in the news, as I did, about how the Chinese were beginning to make progress on catching up to the goals established by this deal.  I had my doubts, so I was anxious to see the real data.  Here it is, year-to-date through June:  Phase 1 China Trade Deal 2020 YTD.

The deal established goals for the Chinese import of American goods in four categories, using 2017 trade results as a baseline:  manufactured goods, energy goods (like oil, gas, coal, etc.), agriculture goods, and total goods.  The goal was for them to increase their imports substantially in 2020, and then even more in 2021.  In the spreadsheet, I broke down those goals into monthly goals, ramping them up at a rate that would meet those goals by the end of the year.

Through May, the results were abysmal.  They failed to meet the goal in any category of product.  In fact, only their import of energy products even exceeded the 2017 baseline.  You’d think that if China were anxious to meet the goals in order to avoid further threatened tariffs, they’d at least make some good faith effort that they could point to as progress.  So what happened in June?  Their imports actually declined in every category.  They didn’t even meet the 2017 baseline in a single category.

A good faith effort to show progress?  The June results are exactly the opposite.  They are a slap in the face.  The Chinese are taunting the Trump administration – betting that they’ll be too distracted with other events to take action.

It’s time to put an end to this stupid trade deal and follow through with the threatened 25% across-the-board tariffs on all Chinese exports to the U.S.  Trump was elected, in large part, to make real progress in cutting America’s trade deficit and bringing manufacturing back to the U.S.  Aside from tariffs on half of Chinese exports and a new trade deal to replace NAFTA, little has been accomplished.  All momentum on the trade front was killed when Trump signed the “Phase 1” deal with China.  Three-and-a-half years have been frittered away.  His supporters are getting disillusioned by the lack of progress.  If Trump loses the election, it will be due in large part to his failure to fix our trade mess.

There’s no more time to waste.  It’s time to declare this deal a failure and impose the tariffs that were put on hold.  In addition, it’s time for Trump to get serious with other Asian nations and the European Union as well.  Slap all of them with tariffs and start making real progress in bringing our manufacturing jobs back.


Protests against “systemic racism” are off the mark.

August 3, 2020

For a web site dedicated to raising awareness of the economic consequences of population growth, this topic may seem “off the mark.”  But bear with me.

The “Black Lives Matter” movement has evolved beyond protesting the brutal tactics used by some police when dealing with the black community to include “systemic racism” in broad terms.  Exactly what “systemic racism” is can be difficult to pin down and varies depending on who you ask.  There was a time when racism was codified and blatant.  Blacks were barred from voting in many places prior to the Voting Rights Act of 1965.  Segregation was practiced openly throughout society, limiting black access to virtually everything.

But all of that has changed.  The right to vote is secured.  Discrimination is now illegal everywhere, but I won’t deny that it still exists.  There are still subtle ways in which anti-discrimination laws are skirted, and this is the “systemic racism” that is the target of protesters.  I recently heard a protestor say (or perhaps I read it on a sign at a protest – I can’t remember exactly) that “we’re not just here to change laws, but to change attitudes and eliminate all sytemic racism,” or words to that effect.

Good luck with that.  Whatever “systemic racism” still exists is because people are prejudiced, and admonishing people for it won’t change them.  It’s likely to have the opposite effect.  People only change their prejudices out of necessity.

Take World War II for example.  Perhaps nothing, at least up to that point, did more to begin the process of changing minds and integrating blacks into society than the war.  It was an “all hands on deck” event.  Every last male of fighting age was needed in the service.  Every woman was needed to man the factories.  Even school-age kids were needed to collect scrap metal, rubber and even to glean the fields for milkweed to stuff life jackets for sailors.  Winning the war was far more important than silly prejudices.  Sure, there were still some segregated units like the Tuskegee airmen, but blacks could fight as well as whites and they all bled the same color.  A lot of attitudes began to change.

In 1970, in spite of the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act, the state of Alabama was still highly segregated and the University of Alabama football team was no different.  Bear Bryant had been head coach there since 1958 and steadfastly refused to recruit black players.  Every player on the Alabama team was white.  That year, Alabama took on the University of Southern California, a team that was fully integrated with many black players, led by Sam “Bam” Cunningham, a bruising fullback who led USC to a humiliating 42-21 lopsided win over Bryant’s team.  Like any good coach, Bryant hated losing and he could see the handwriting on the wall.  Afterwards, Bryant was overheard to say, “I want some players like those.”  He could see the folly of not recruiting the best players regardless of whether they were white or black.  The following year, Alabama fielded its first black player.  By 1973, one third of the team’s roster was black.  Bryant had changed out of necessity.  He wanted to win.

The “systemic racism” that persists today and all of its effects – chronic poverty, low wages, lousy schools, drugs, gangs, high rates of incarceration and hopelessness – won’t change because of protests against it.  It will only change out of necessity.  It will only change when every single person who wants to work is needed to make the economy function.  Instead, today, what the Federal Reserve defines as “full employment” – typically somewhere in the range of 4-5 percent – still leaves millions of Americans out of work, and those unemployed are disproportionately black.  Of those who are employed, few have any upward mobility – held back by a substandard education.

There is absolutely nothing that has hit the black community harder than America’s trade policy.  I don’t believe it was intended to be racist, but the results speak otherwise.  Aside from the vestiges of the automobile industry, American manufacturing has been totally decimated, shipping millions of high-paying manufacturing jobs overseas and putting millions of people – disproportionately blacks – out of work.  (It’s worth noting that virtually all of those jobs have landed in Asia and Europe.  Africa has been left completely out of the picture.)  Imagine if that were reversed.  Imagine if manufacturers had to scour the country to find workers to staff their production lines.  It’d take every last worker left in America to satisfy the demand.  Companies wouldn’t give a damn if those workers were black or white or purple, or if they came from Mars.  All they care about is making money.  Petty prejudices would quickly fall by the wayside, just like they did in World War II and like they did at the University of Alabama.  Every black person – hell, every person, regardless of race – could find a job making good money and good benefits.  It’d quickly break the back of the cycle that has kept blacks trapped in poverty.

America’s trade policy is racist.  Protesting loosely-defined notions of “systemic racism” is off the mark.  If protesters want to make real headway in putting an end to “systemic racism,” they need to begin taking on America’s trade policy and the politicians who do the bidding of their corporate benefactors by sustaining this totally unfair system.  It doesn’t matter if those politicians are Democrats or Republicans because both parties have been complicit.  Only when a balance of trade is restored and our manufacturing jobs are brought back home will they see any meaningful improvement.