The above-linked Reuters article provides a breakdown in basic terms of what’s included in the “Phase 1” trade deal with China. To make it easier to understand – and in preparation for tracking progress – I’ve created this spreadsheet, which shows what China has agreed to in terms of boosting its imports from the U.S. Phase 1 China Trade Deal.
In addition, China agreed to:
… stronger Chinese legal protections for patents, trademarks, copyrights, including improved criminal and civil procedures to combat online infringement, pirated and counterfeit goods.
… follow through on previous pledges to eliminate any pressure for foreign companies to transfer technology to Chinese firms
… refrain from directly supporting outbound investment aimed at acquiring foreign technology
… refrain from competitive currency devaluations
China’s retaliatory Dec. 15 tariffs, including a 25% tariff on U.S.-made autos, have been suspended.
So what did the U.S. give up in return?
… will cut by half the tariff rate it imposed on Sept 1. on a $120 billion list of Chinese goods, to 7.5%.
Tariffs that were scheduled to go into effect on Dec. 15 on nearly $160 billion worth of Chinese goods, including cellphones, laptop computers, toys and clothing, are suspended indefinitely.
That’s the deal in a nutshell. On the surface, it sounds like a good deal, boosting exports by $200 billion per year. But don’t be fooled. This deal rolls back some existing tariffs and suspends new tariffs – tariffs that were making rapid progress toward restoring a balance of trade with China – in exchange for nothing more than promises, and China has a long history of breaking its trade promises. China got exactly what it wanted – time – more time to continue business as usual.
With this deal, the U.S. is once again trying to export its way out of its massive trade deficit. It’s similar to the vow that Obama made in January of 2010 to double export within five years. It didn’t happen. Not even close. It’s impossible to export your way out of a trade deficit with nations whose gross over-crowding makes them utterly dependent on manufacturing for export to sustain their bloated labor forces. And that’s China, among others.
Aside from their promise to boost imports, that promise about protecting intellectual property has been made many times before. It’s untrackable and meaningless. And currency manipulation? The data proves that trade deficits have nothing to do with currency valuation.
The only hope is that the Trump administration will be more diligent than previous administrations in holding China’s feet to the fire, returning to the use of tariffs when China fails to meet its commitments. China’s betting they won’t, and that future administrations will roll over like previous administrations.
I’ll begin tracking China’s progress on meeting its import commitments (or lack thereof) beginning with the January trade data, which isn’t released until March.